By Nicholas F. Jones
Much of the evidence—literary, old, documentary, and pictorial—from historical Athens is city in authorship, subject material, and meant viewers. the end result has been the statement of an undifferentiated monolithic "Athenian" citizen regime as frequently as now not identifiably city in its way of life, preoccupations, and angle. In Rural Athens below the Democracy, despite the fact that, Nicholas F. Jones undertakes the 1st complete try to reconstruct by itself phrases the area of rural Attica open air the partitions throughout the "classical" 5th and fourth centuries B.C. What he unearths is a fantastically nonurban (and nonurbane) order ruled via a standard, predominantly agrarian society and culture.
Jones is based seriously upon the quite missed epigraphic list from the agricultural nation-state and villages, in addition to posing new questions of the well known city writings of Athenian historians, essayists, and philosophers and sometimes following the lead of Hesiod's agrarian poem Works and Days. From those resources he gleans new findings relating to payment styles, argues for a heretofore unrecognized method of private patronage, explores family among villages and the city of Athens, reconstructs the "Agrarian" Dionysia in different of its extra vital dimensions, and contrasts the realities of rural Attic tradition with their quite a few representations in modern literary and philosophical writings through Aristophanes, Xenophon, Plato, and others.
Building on Jones's prior guides at the old Greek city-state, Rural Athens below the Democracy offers the 1st holistic exam of classical extramural Attica. He demanding situations the got view that historic Athens in its heyday used to be marked by means of a uniform cultural, ideological, and conspicuously citified order and, rather than the conception of items rural as mere deficits in urbanity, proposes that we glance at Attica outdoors the partitions in its personal correct and in optimistic terms.