By Arieh Ben-Naim
This ebook bargains with a subject matter that has been studied because the starting of actual chemistry. regardless of the hundreds of thousands of articles and ratings of books dedicated to solvation thermodynamics, i believe that a few fundamen tal and well-established innovations underlying the conventional method of this topic will not be passable and wish revision. the most cause of this want is that solvation thermodynamics has typically been handled within the context of classical (macroscopic) ther modynamics on my own. besides the fact that, solvation is inherently a molecular seasoned cess, based upon neighborhood instead of macroscopic houses of the method. consequently, the start line can be in line with statistical mechanical tools. for a few years it's been believed that definite thermodynamic amounts, similar to the traditional loose power (or enthalpy or entropy) of resolution, can be used as measures of the corresponding features of solvation of a given solute in a given solvent. I first challenged this inspiration in a paper released in 1978 according to research on the molecular point. in the past ten years, i've got brought a number of new amounts which, for my part, should still substitute the traditional measures of solvation thermodynamics. to prevent complicated the hot amounts with these mentioned conventionally within the literature as common amounts of solvation, I known as those "nonconventional," "generalized," and "local" average amounts and tried to show the benefits of those new amounts over the traditional ones.